Finish “Animal Farm Historical Connections Worksheet”. This is kind of fun, because Animal Farm is written like a code to the reader. You have to do some work to figure out what Orwell is really saying. (Due Third Class)
Do Stalin Packet below and turn in during Third Class of AF Unit. (35 points) You’ll need to Read World Leaders Past & Present : STALIN by Hoobler and Hoobler Chapter One: Pages 16-29, Chapter Two: Pages 33-51, Chapter Three: Pages 52-End of Chapter.
World Leaders Past & Present : STALIN by Hoobler and Hoobler (35 points)
If you choose to type your answers and then save and print, you can type answers onto the Character Analysis Charts at the end. Just use a small font. If your quote won’t fit, put the page number, top, middle, or bottom, and beginning of quote in the box.
- p. 18-19 Stalin’s introduction to Marxism—Why was Stalin attracted to Marxism?
- Character Traits:
a.Give an example showing how Stalin showed himself to be vindictive. Fill in at least TWO traits and quotes on the Stalin character chart at end of this packet. (We will work on this together in class, so please be ready to participate.)
- Print two pages from your World Leaders…Stalin PDF which clearly show something specific about Stalin’s character. High light those spots and bring to class. You can also use Stalin: Man of Steel biography pages.
- What was the Social Democratic Party in Russia? What did they want to do?
- How are the methods Stalin used to oppose the Mensheviks similar to Napoleon’s methods to oppose his enemies in Animal Farm?
- P. 22 How is Leon Trotsky described here?
Start filling in a character chart for Trotsky at end of packet – Have at least Two Traits and Quotes filled in for Jan. 27th Class.
- Why did Stalin see Trotsky as a rival? (Another of Stalin’s traits?)
- P.26 & 29 What does “Stalin” mean in Russian? How was this an appropriate name for Joseph Stalin to take? (Add it to your chart)
- P.34 How did Stalin use slogans to make the Bolsheviks appear moderate to the people? How is this depicted in Animal Farm? Give an example or two.
- P. 34 What skills did Trotsky possess? (also see Additional info. On Trotsky on last page of this handout- Add it to your chart.)
- P. 35 How did Stalin like to work? How did one participant in the Bolshevik revolution describe Stalin? Was Napoleon like this in the book? (Add this to your Charts)
- P. 38-43 During the Russian Civil War between the Reds and the Whites, how did the Bolshevik Red’s wartime communism become as bad or worse than the Tsar’s ruling days? Describe how the Bolshevik’s procured the supplies they needed?
- Is this similar to what Napoleon does to the animals after The Battle of Cowshed and at other times when his plans are set back? How does Orwell describe this in Animal Farm?
- P. 50-51 What happened to Trotsky? How is this portrayed in Animal Farm?
- Ch. 3 The Gods are Athirst P. 53-68
Describe some of the ways Stalin drives Russia toward Industrialization, Technological Advances and Collectivization using a series of Five Year Plans. How are these symbolized or described in Animal Farm? Give a specific example of each.
- P. 57-58 How many were killed during this “collectivization” process?
How is Stalin’s mockery of the plans to build a hydroelectric dam depicted in Animal Farm? Why did Stalin’s views about the dam change? Did Napoleon do this too?
- How did Stalin tighten his grip on the Russian people and the economy?
- What were workers praised for? How did Stalin encourage this? Did Orwell capture this?
- How did Stalin curtail worker resistance to his hard demands to do more for less?
- 59 What fueled Stalin’s ambition? How did he use fear to keep people hanging on?
- Who were the “Wreckers”? How are they portrayed in Animal Farm? What happens to them?
- P. 60-62 How did Stalin’s wife’s suicide affect him? Was this portrayed in the book?
- P. 62 What personal characteristics of Stalin are described? (Add this to character chart)
- Who carried out these arrests and forced confessions in Russia? (P. 64) Who carried these out in the book?
- Did Napoleon distance himself from the bloodshed in the book like Stalin did in real life? How did that help both maintain their power?
- How did Stalin’s propaganda campaign fool people outside of Russia? How did Orwell show this?
- What ways do you think Americans might be in danger of following someone or something blindly?
- P. 65-66 How did Bukharin sum up Stalin’s motives? What does the Bible call these sins?
- What is God’s solution to this sickness of heart?
- P. 65 cont. What happened to Bukarin for making these remarks?
- Although Napoleon doesn’t die in Animal Farm, how are the reactions of the animals to what has happened on the farm somewhat similar to how the Russian people reacted to Stalin’s death/legacy?
- George Orwell did not just write this book to expose Stalin’s evil regime and the failure of the utopian communist ideal. He wrote it for a broader purpose. What do you think that broader purpose is?
- What is your personal take-away from this study?
Additional Info. About Trotsky from www.history.com
Trotsky was second only to Lenin in the Politburo, and Lenin viewed him as exceptionally able. He backed Lenin’s major policy innovations, but had his own plans for industrializing Russia. When a stroke removed Lenin from active politics in May 1922, Trotsky was not in a position to take over. Never adept at party politics, he failed to outmaneuver the troika of Grigory Zinovyev (1883–1936), Lev Kamenev (1883–1936), and Stalin that took power. Although he put himself at the head of a loosely knit left opposition, Trotsky’s polemic salvos were no match for Stalin’s bureaucratic party machine. In 1925 his adversaries removed him from the Commissariat of War; in 1926 they expelled him from the Politburo; and in 1928 Stalin exiled him to Central Asia and in 1929 expelled him from the USSR.
Trotsky spent the rest of his life seeking a safe place to compose his savage critiques of Stalinist Russia. In Turkey, France, Norway, and finally Mexico he produced many publications, including an autobiography, My Life (1930; trans. 1930); an unmatched History of the Russian Revolution (3 vol., 1931–33; trans. 1932–33); an insightful The Revolution Betrayed (1937); and searing articles on the major issues of his day (Stalinism, Nazism, fascism, the Spanish civil war). A Stalinist agent fatally wounded him on Aug. 20, 1940, in Coyoacán, Mexico. He died the following day.
Trotsky’s brilliant polemical and oratorical talents were perfectly suited to a period of revolution, and his energies helped to create and, above all, to save the Soviet Union during the civil war. Lacking the skills of a political infighter, however, he lost out to Stalin. Soviet scholars still held to the Stalinist line that Trotsky was a traitor, who attempted to undermine the Soviet Union. J.E.Sa., JONATHAN E. SANDERS, M.A., Ph.D.